Our new GLOBALCIT website is under construction. In the meantime, please use the current website as before.

EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators

 

CITACQ includes information on the following indicators for citizenship acquisition:


•    ALL: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
•    SEX: the percentage of foreign-born females and males who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
•    ORIGIN: the percentage of foreign-born persons from EU and non-EU countries who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
•    AGE AT MIGRATION: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the age at which the respondent took up residence (age groups: 0-17 years; 18-39 years; 40+ years)
•   YEARS OF RESIDENCE (by cohort): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years of residence (1-5 years; 6-10 years; 11-19 years; 20 + years).
•   YEARS OF RESIDENCE (minimum number of years): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years the respondent has minimally resided there (at least 5 years; at least 10 years; at least 15 years; at least 20 years).
•   TIME UNTIL NATURALISATION: the numbers of years it takes on average for foreign-born persons to acquire the citizenship of the respective country of residence.

CITACQ indicators have been calculated for 25 European states. We use the following labels for average indicators: EUROPE for all 36 states, EU 15 for the pre-2004 EU member states in our sample and EU 12 for the post-2004 accession states.

EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators have been developed by Maarten Vink (Maastricht University / European University Institute) and Tijana Prokic-Breuer (Maastricht University).

Download the data file (When using these data, please cite as follows: Vink, M. and T. Prokic-Breuer (2012). Citizenship acquisition indicators (data based on LFS AHM 2008). Florence: EUDO Citizenship Observatory)

Technical description of dataset:
-    Source: Labour Force Survey Ad Hoc Module 2008 on the labour market situation of migrants and their descendants (Eurostat).
-    Target population: all persons aged between 15 and 74 (or 16 to 74 in countries where the target group for the core LFS is from 16 years old).
-    All numbers presented in CITACQ are based on at least 100 respondents. Where sample size is too small, this is indicated in the dataset by ‘na’ (not available).
-   Data presented on following European countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
-    In Germany information on country of birth is missing for all respondents. To determine the region of origin (EU or non-EU), we have used the country of birth of the father and/or mother of the respondent (‘EU’ if either mother and/or father born in EU country).
-    No data available (data not provided by Eurostat): Finland.
-    Data excluded (sample size too small for descriptive purposes): Bulgaria, Malta and Romania.

For an analyses of the determinants of naturalisation among immigrants in 16 European countries, see also:

Vink, M., T. Prokic-Breuer and J. Dronkers. Immigrant naturalization in the context of institutional diversity: policy matters, but to whom? International Migration [forthcoming]. Download the pre-print version of the paper.