EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators
CITACQ includes information on the following indicators for citizenship acquisition:
• ALL: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
• SEX: the percentage of foreign-born females and males who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
• ORIGIN: the percentage of foreign-born persons from EU and non-EU countries who have acquired citizenship of the respective country of residence
• AGE AT MIGRATION: the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the age at which the respondent took up residence (age groups: 0-17 years; 18-39 years; 40+ years)
• YEARS OF RESIDENCE (by cohort): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years of residence (1-5 years; 6-10 years; 11-19 years; 20 + years).
• YEARS OF RESIDENCE (minimum number of years): the percentage of foreign-born persons who have acquired citizenship of their country of residence, differentiated by the number of years the respondent has minimally resided there (at least 5 years; at least 10 years; at least 15 years; at least 20 years).
• TIME UNTIL NATURALISATION: the numbers of years it takes on average for foreign-born persons to acquire the citizenship of the respective country of residence.
CITACQ indicators have been calculated for 25 European states. We use the following labels for average indicators: EUROPE for all 36 states, EU 15 for the pre-2004 EU member states in our sample and EU 12 for the post-2004 accession states.
Download the data file (When using these data, please cite as follows: Vink, M. and T. Prokic-Breuer (2012). Citizenship acquisition indicators (data based on LFS AHM 2008). Florence: EUDO Citizenship Observatory)
Technical description of dataset:
- Source: Labour Force Survey Ad Hoc Module 2008 on the labour market situation of migrants and their descendants (Eurostat).
- Target population: all persons aged between 15 and 74 (or 16 to 74 in countries where the target group for the core LFS is from 16 years old).
- All numbers presented in CITACQ are based on at least 100 respondents. Where sample size is too small, this is indicated in the dataset by ‘na’ (not available).
- Data presented on following European countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
- In Germany information on country of birth is missing for all respondents. To determine the region of origin (EU or non-EU), we have used the country of birth of the father and/or mother of the respondent (‘EU’ if either mother and/or father born in EU country).
- No data available (data not provided by Eurostat): Finland.
- Data excluded (sample size too small for descriptive purposes): Bulgaria, Malta and Romania.
For an analyses of the determinants of naturalisation among immigrants in 16 European countries, see also:
Vink, M., T. Prokic-Breuer and J. Dronkers. Immigrant naturalization in the context of institutional diversity: policy matters, but to whom? International Migration [forthcoming]. Download the pre-print version of the paper.