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Political scientists reject Trump’s claim that millions of non-citizens voted in the U.S. elections in 2016

Political scientists have written an open letter in which they reject Donald Trump’s claim that millions of non-citizens voted in the November 2016 presidential elections. To support the claim, the U.S. President has cited a 2014 article by Jesse Richman, Gulshan Chattha, and David Earnest, published in Electoral Studies. In the article, Richman et al. claimed that the number of non-citizen voters could range "from just over 38,000 at the very minimum to nearly 2.8 million at the maximum”. The claim was based on information on the respondents’ citizenship status from the 2008 and 2010 large scale Cooperative Congressional Election Study (CCES).  It subsequently served to share President Trump’s rhetoric on the non-citizen votes. The authors of the paper reject the U.S. President’s  interpretation of their analysis.

In a 2015 critique to the article, Stephen Ansolabehere, Samantha Luks, and Brian Schaffner demonstrated that the most likely explanation for almost all of the supposed non-citizen votes is response error. 

Read the open letter, and news on this issue, including a NYT piece on how illegal voting (by a green card holder) might happen and why it is so unlikely. 

Access the original article in Electoral Studies, the critique in same journal and the rebuttal by the original authors.

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